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TENCH
COARSE  FISHING  WITH  THE  ESSEX  ANGLER


(Tinca   Tinca)

tench

DISCRIPTION
Olive green in colour with a distinctive red teddy bear eye.Sometimes with a yellow underside with large paddle like fins.The Tench is a hardy and long lived fish related to the Carp, hence its fighting ability.When hooked it will put up a strong fight.
It was once thought that the slime (mucous),that covers its body had curative properties, and other fish would rub themselves against it to cure irritations giving the tench its nick name
"The Doctor Fish".
This was later to become a fallacy as the slime just serves to protect the tenches fine scales.

Unlike most fish, it is quite easy to tell the tench sexes apart.The tell tale sign is the shape of the pelvic fins.The male has very broad hand shaped fins, whereas the females are much slimmer and pear shaped.The females also grow much larger and become alot heavier when spawning.

Small tench are very hard to come by even though they travel in numbers.They will often evade capture until they are at least ½lb, due to the fact that they spend most of their juvenile life amongst dense weed beds.
STATS
British record - 17lb 7oz (1993)
Speciman weight - 7lb
Max length - 24 - 26 inches
Life span - 10-12 years
LOCATION
Lakes and slow running rivers and canals
HABITAT
They prefer still or slow flowing water with rich plant growth.Can resist low oxygen levels
FEEDING HABITS
Predominately bottom feeders, feeding at dawn and dusk,but will venture for food later in the day.
NATURAL FOOD SOURCE
Insects,molluscs,bloodworm,worms,.
LIFE CYCLE
Reaches maturity at 3-5 years with a total lifespan of upto 20 years.Spawning occurs from May to July with eggs of anything up to 800,000,laid in 2 or 3 batches at intervals of upto fourteen days.


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Tench are a hard fighting fish so strong tackle is needed. An early morning search in hot weather will usually reveal the whereabouts of the tench and its feeding grounds,normally near weed-beds. Look for patches of small “pin-head sized” bubbles which are a sure sign of feeding tench. Tench seem to like being near bulrushes and parts of the lake with gravelly bottoms where the bulrushes will grow. Everyone who has fished regularly for tench must be familiar with those occasions when the fish appear to be playing with the bait and refusing to take it. To combat this, try pulling the line 6 inches or so, just to “encourage” the tench to take the bait. Quite often the tench will be overcome with the fear of losing what, previously it did not want! In lakes and rivers where swan mussels are common, try a ground-bait mixture of bread and the contents of some swan mussels, the mixture should be left standing in the sun for 2-3 hours. In lakes where the level fluctuates, swan mussels are often left to die and dry in the sun’s heat, and the resulting scent may well be attractive to fish accustomed, when the water rises, to finding dead, open-shelled mussels.
BAIT
Maggot,Bread,Sweetcorn.
ROD - 1.75 Test curve
HOOKS -8-14
LINE - 4lb - 6lb b.s.
FLOATS -Waggler
LEAD- Depends on distance



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